Vol. 2, Issue 1 (2016)
A philosophical study of the self: An overview
Author(s): Anshu Sailpar
Abstract: Self’ is commonly understood as ‘ego’, ‘consciousness’, ‘soul’, ‘identity’, ‘person’ etc. Like ‘self’, identity is the concept that connects the individual and the social and is also fluid and shaped through past and present, but unlike identity it does not refer to membership of any trajectory like community. Being nearer to the terms ‘ego’ and ‘consciousness’ as a psychological make-up, ‘self’ is a reflexive project. Philosophers had defined subjectivity in terms of reason, human spirit or the simple act of perception. The Ancient philosophers namely Descartes, Rousseau, Kant and modern philosophers namely David Hume, Soren Kierkegaard, Martin Heideggar and Jacques Lacan have tried to study self and have given their viewpoints.