Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2017)
This Research article aims to study the themes of duality of identity and alienation in the works of Gwendolyn Brooks. She is the female poet who has been most responsive to changes in the black community, particularly in the community’s vision of itself. The first African American to be awarded a Pulitzer Prize; she was considered one of America’s most distinguished poets well before the age of fifty. The African American identity is something simultaneously internal and presented by oneself, and external and perceived by others. Duality of Identity is therefore characterized as an awareness of the discrepancy that can exist between the internality and externality of such an identity. Because it relies fundamentally on this self-awareness and awareness of others’ awareness- regardless of specific identities being connected to and expressed- double consciousness can be applied to forms and classifications of identity other than just the African American identity. Her works reflect both the paradise and the hell experienced by the black people of the world. Her writing is objective, but her characters speak for themselves. Although the idiom is local, the message is universal. Brooks uses ordinary speech, only words that will strengthen, and richness of sound to create effective poetry.
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