Vol. 4, Issue 4 (2018)
An ecological victory: Deep ecology in The old Man and the Sea
Author(s): Arya MP
Abstract: This research paper is an exploration into Ernest Hemingway’s classic novel The Old Man and the Sea, to unearth ecocritical elements that underlie the working of Santiago’s (the protagonist’s) journey. The theoretical framework of the paper is provided by the concept of ‘deep ecology’ suggested by Arne Naess. The major argument put forth suggests that Santiago’s victory is not a success of the man over nature; rather a shared victory of man and nature. Santiago undergoes a transformation in his relationship with the marlin (a fish he hooks), understanding it to be his enemy initially, and later becoming his friend, brother, and finally himself metaphorically. Another argument made by the paper is a comparison between the characters to Santiago and the Biblical Jonah, also to find they are connected and transformed by the intervening elements of nature.