Vol. 4, Issue 4 (2018)
A study of Dalit feminism in the select work of Bama
Author(s): T Parani, T Thiruppathi
Abstract: Patriarchy is considered to be the big rival of women literature. In association with this, exploitation or oppression of weaker by stronger is nothing new. The Indian history has been a vivacious record of conflict and dialectic between exploiters and exploited, colonizer and colonized, powerful and powerless. Dalit literature is known for its revolt and struggle of lower caste against the high class people. Dalit women are especially doubly exploited. Feminism or feminist aspect deals with society in general and woman in particular. ‘The Woman’, and ‘The Dalit’ are marginalized, hegemonized, downgraded and have been put in dictionaries as periphery. The movement dominated mostly by Dalit men had a predisposition to give secondary position to the issues concerning Dalit women. The Dalit women were bound to voice their miseries which were intensified due to caste and gender discrimination. This gave rise of Dalit feminism. Like any other great feminists like Simone de Beauvoir, Bama wants Dalit women to awake and rise for their rights. They must speak up against the discrimination. In Karukku and Sangati, she not only talks about the welfare of Dalit women but the women in general. She herself belongs to Dalit community and finds faults in caste system and held responsible upper caste for the inhumane behavior. She, sometimes, goes bitter for the upper caste women too and censures them. The present paper is a study or the analysis of Bama as a great Dalit feminist who talks about the rights and privileges of women in general and Dalit women in particular.