Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2018)
Delhi to Daulatabad in ‘Tughlaq’
Author(s): Thiyam Naoba Singh
Abstract: Muhammad Bin Tughlaq was second and most remarkable ruler of Tughlaq dynasty. He was the first Sultan to have the vision to see India as a whole country, and not just as a sort of cake for every ambitious aspiration to carve a kingdom out of it. After the tragic death of his father Ghias-ud-din, in 1325, soon declares himself as a sultan of Delhi under the title of Muhammad Bin Tughlaq. Muhammad was, without any doubt, the most educated of all Muslim rulers who ruled in Delhi. Muhammad was a deeply religious man and had learnt Holy Quran by heart. He used to quote verse of the Quran during his conversation. He was a practicing Muslim who never missed his prayer and fasted regularly. During his regime, it was made compulsory to pray five times a day. He was a keen believer in keeping good relation with the world in general. He sent envoys to China, Egypt and many such places. The rulers before Muhammad had never shown any such inclination, and to be fair to them, they did not have the time to indulge in all of this, Muhammad changed all that. Missionaries poured into India from China, Iran, Iraq and Syria, heralding a new era in cultural and bilateral exchange. He wanted to build up a powerful and united nation. He realized that this could not be done with Hindu - Muslim unity. Daulatabad (in Andhra Pradesh near modern Aurangabad), the city is said to have been founded in C. 1187 by Bhillama-V, a prince who renounced his allegiance to the Chalukyas and established the power of the Yadava dynasty in the west. In 1294 Ala-ud-din Khilji captured the fort. In 1327 Muhammad Bin Tughlaq, after having two year rule in Delhi, determined to make it his capital, changed its name to Daulatabad. History also proves that after two years of making capital in Daulatabad. He shifted back to Delhi. Sultan say there is only one place to go back to now. Delhi.