Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2019)
Linguistic analysis of the citation styles used in the theses of linguistics and literature
Author(s): Dr. Muhammad Arfan Lodhi, Sania Moqades, Muhammad Imran
Abstract: The present study was conducted to analyze the citation styles. Citations are the most important part of research works and very helpful in finding the original sources of the cited works. There are different citation styles which are used in research works such as Chicago, APA, and MLA. The purpose of the study was to analyze the citation styles whether they are being used accordingly or not. The researchers wanted to explore that to what extent these styles had been used accordingly in the previous theses of M. Phil Linguistics and Literature of a public sector university. The study was an attempt to know the difficulties which became the main cause of incorrect use of citation styles. It was a mixed study in nature i.e. quantitative and qualitative. The research tools for the present study were questionnaire and content analysis. The researcher developed a questionnaire consisting of 47 items including 3 open ended questions. Quantitative data was analyzed in SPSS while content analysis by theses reading. The researcher selected research participants of English department of a public sector university for quantitative study while theses of the same department for the content analysis randomly. The findings show that majority of the respondents do not give any importance to the citation styles. They lack proper understanding of citation styles and consequently face much difficulty in using correct citations in their research drafts.