Vol. 6, Issue 1 (2020)
Communicative language teaching or reading grammar translation: The effective reading teaching method for chemistry vocational students
Author(s): Nunung Widijantie
Abstract: The chemistry vocational students are expected to have competency not only in their skill as chemical analysts but also another competency in understanding English materials, such as understanding work operational procedures, manuals, material safety data sheet, etc. To support the students’ English proficiency in order to meet the industrial needs, teacher must have good method to transfer English materials to the students. The objective of this research is to compare two methods: Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) method and Reading Grammar Translation (RGT) method in order to know the effective method that can improve the students’ reading comprehension skill in chemistry field. The researcher used the second level of chemistry vocational students of Politeknik AKA Bogor, Indonesia. There were 2 classes involved in this research in which each class consisted of 30 students being the subjects of the research. Thus, in this case, there were 60 students involved in this research. Then, the researcher decided that class 1 consisted of 30 students treated by using Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) method and class 2 was for 30 students having treatment of Reading Grammar Translation (RGT) method. The researcher used pre test and post test to measure the result and calculated statistically. Based on the data of post test, it was derived that the students’ variance score calculated by using F-test was at the same value (P-value 0.893 > α 0.05). Meanwhile, the result of post test of significant test by using T-test showed that P-Value 0.002 was less than α 0.05 (P-Value 0.002 < α 0.05) in which it indicated that there was significant difference between the result of students’ reading comprehension in class 1 (CLT) and class 2 (RGT). Thus it can be concluded that Communicative Language Teaching Method is more effective than Reading Grammar Translation Method applied to chemistry vocational students.