Role of ‘Willingness to Communicate’ (WTC) on speaking proficiency among male and female learners at graduate level
Dr. Muhammad Arfan Lodhi, Aneela Yousaf, Shazeb Hassan, Sabahat Anwar, Hifza Farman
Willingness to communicate (WTC) plays an important role in second language (L2) teaching and learning. Almost any second language learner is likely to respond to a direct question, but many will not continue or initiate communication. The present study investigates undergraduate students' perception of their willingness to initiate communication in English across four types of contexts and three types of receivers. Contexts of communication are speaking in public, speaking at meetings, speaking in small groups and talking in dyads and three types of receivers are Unknown, known and friends. Total 160 undergraduate students participated in this quantitative study. The results revealed that female students had better speaking skills as compared to government female and male from both sectors. Later to private females speaking skills, females from government sector showed their good communication skills. As per male students, private male students have better L2 speaking skills. Male students from government sector performed very poor in Oral proficiency test.