Anand's insistence on the dignity of man-irrespective of caste, creed and wealth, his plea for the practice of compassion as a living value, his conception of the whole man, the profound importance he attaches to art and poetry as instruments for developing the whole men, his crusade against superstition, feudalism, and imperialism these are some of the chief characteristics of his humanism. Enough food, clothing and shelter are the basic needs of any human society. Starvation, disease and unemployment are factors which stifle the healthy growth of a nation, and so they must needs be removed root-and branch. Anand also wants all this to be achieved through the resources made available by scientific and technological advance and not through bloodshed and war. This paper is an attempt to study the philosophy behind Anand’s humanism and how it can be achieved.