Translocation and adaptation: Analysing Shal (Kazakh film) and The Old Man and the Sea
The paper deals with the film adaptation of the Kazakhstan movie Shal (The Old Man) by Ermek Turusunov from the famous English novel The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway. There are many adaptation theories of films and here I have selected translocation theory for this paper. Although adapted many for the screen in many times by many directors before, Hemingway’s novel The Old Man and the Sea had not experienced a genuine reinvention like Shal. In Shal, Ermek Tursunov, the director, not just attempt to recreate the tale, but he reworks it to translocate into Kazakh landscape and culture that takes its pivotal themes from American author’s writing. The study traces on the change of culture and place when the plot shifts from America to Kazakhstan.