The Dramatic Structure of Bhasha’s Swapnavasavdattam
Dr. Vachaspati Dwivedi
Bhasha (A.D.300) is a remarkable dramatist of Sanskrit literature who introduced various structural devices to drama that were followed by most of Sanskrit dramatists. He contributed about 13 important dramas to Sanskrit literature which are based upon Indian mythologies and epics. He became a major influence on the later playwrights due to his use of Sutradhara (stage director), Vidushaka (fool), and innovations like patakasthana (irony induced astonishment), rasa (sentiment) and aarshprayoga (archaisms) which were unique in their quality and much ahead of his time. The present paper analyses his dramatic style through an analytical study of Swapnavasavadattam, one of his most notable plays, with an interest to make writers of other languages know the uniqueness of Bhasha’s style.